Wednesday, 24 July, 2019


Six things to know about measles (and the measles vaccine)

Six things to know about measles (and the measles vaccine) Six things to know about measles (and the measles vaccine)
Patty Aguilar | 13 May, 2019, 21:43

Orange County is among four Florida counties that are most susceptible to a measles outbreak, according to researchers at the University of Texas at Austin and John Hopkins University. At this level of vaccination, it is extremely hard for the virus to spread in a community, providing protection for children who are not vaccinated due to medical illness, conscientious objection or being too young.

In response to these findings, Cook County health officials said the importance of getting a measles vaccination can not be overstated.

The new law only applies to the MMR vaccine for measles, mumps and rubella. While the virus more commonly occurs in low and middle income countries, recent outbreaks in the US, Europe and Israel indicate a deeply concerning resurgence in the developed world. The first quarter of this year saw 387 cases in the USA, the highest since a rash of outbreaks in 2014. "The New York borough of Brooklyn is a ideal example with a large number of unvaccinated members of an orthodox Jewish community even though the overall vaccination rate is not low".

So far in Pennsylvania, all cases have been confined to Allegheny County. "I think the big issue is that people underestimate the risk of not getting vaccinated, and they overestimate the risk of vaccination". But as the virus is highly contagious - up to 90% of people who are not immune and get close to a measles patient will become infected, the CDC says - the Centre Daily Times sat down with Geisinger pediatrician Dr. Katie Eisenhuth to talk about what people need to know to keep themselves and others safe from the virus.

"We have a problem with the trust in this technology, and the more mandatory you make it, the more people will be skeptical about it", said Stefan Schmidt-Troschke, an alternative-medicine pediatrician who acts as the group's spokesman.

Ensuring up to date policy for the rapid diagnosis and triage of suspected measles cases is also critical.

Since then, according to the province, "more than 551,000 letters were sent to families with school-aged children, 129 in-school clinics were held, 1,343 clinics were held in the community and 3,807 doses of measles-containing vaccines were administered by health authorities to K-12 students - a 106% increase compared to last April". Some have objected to the government's reach in eliminating the personal exemption. Recently, Idaho legislators sought to strengthen the personal exemption for vaccinations by requiring schools and day care centers to tell parents they have the option to opt out of immunizations.

As many as one out of every 20 children with measles gets pneumonia, the most common cause of death from measles in young children.

Those over 50 are considered immune as the disease was widespread in childhood, according to the the public health service. For students unsure of their vaccination status, Health Services also offers immunization titers tests for measles for $19.

This week, the World Health Organization announced that there had been more than 34,000 cases in its European region during the first two months of 2019.

One dose of MMR is 93% effective at preventing measles; two doses is 97% effective.

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