Friday, 22 February, 2019


Vaping 2x better for quitting smoking than patches, gum

George Till Anti-smoking advocates: Florida needs to do more to reduce tobacco use
Patty Aguilar | 02 February, 2019, 09:18

TAMPA, USA - E-cigarettes are twice as effective as nicotine patches or gum at helping people quit smoking traditional cigarettes, according to major British study Wednesday, January 30, involving almost 900 people. The researchers aimed to examine how cigarette use among the sample of 6123 respondents changed by the 2015 to 2016 interval in association with prior use of e-cigarettes, other tobacco products or no prior tobacco use at all.

The debate over the potential harms and benefits of vaping has raged on for years. I'm sure he does, but if he really wanted to help this demographic of Americans, he'd do more to correct misperceptions about e-cigarette safety, instead of stoking fears.

'Although a large number of smokers report that they have quit smoking successfully with the help of e-cigarettes, health professionals have been reluctant to recommend their use because of the lack of clear evidence from randomised controlled trials.

There are an estimated 480,000 lives lost nationwide each year, and the American Lung Association states that close to 95 percent of smokers tried their first cigarette before the age of 21. Despite the absence of tobacco in e-cigarettes, there has been no research performed on long-term effects of vaping and its chemicals.

"We need a legislative and regulatory regime that supports the sale of these products to ensure people have the best chance to quit cigarettes".

Despite all this, there's something about either e-cigarettes or the experience of vaping that appears to open the doorway for these particular kids, making them more likely to light up in the future, Stokes said.

"In our study, smokers used e-cigarettes much like other nicotine replacement treatments".

Youth whose first use of a tobacco product was electronic cigarettes were more likely to initiate cigarette smoking over 2 years of follow-up in a newly reported study.

"This is the first trial to test the efficacy of modern e-cigarettes in helping smokers quit", said lead researcher Peter Hajek, a professor at Queen Mary University of London.

However, up until now there had been a shortage of evidence on how effective they were as stop-smoking tools.

By the one- and four-week point, people given e-cigarettes were less likely to feel a severe urge to smoke.

"This is great news for cigarette smokers who want to quit", said Richard Miech, from the University of MI in the United States who has studied e-cigarettes but was not involved in this trial.

That might not seem like a huge success rate, but it's notoriously hard to quit smoking.

By the 52nd week, 18 per cent of the e-cigarette group was still off cigarettes, compared to 9.9 per cent of the standard treatment group.

The recent enormous popularity of Juul e-cigarettes among teenagers probably has made vaping's influence even stronger among low-risk teens, Stokes added. These devices now often have more nicotine and come in a more convenient form than the first-generation vaping devices.

The researchers concluded that this finding "raises concerns that e-cigarettes may re-normalize smoking behaviors and erode decades of progress in reducing smoking among youths".

Among trial participants who didn't quit smoking, 40 percent of the vaping group continued to vape and smoke ("dual use"), while just 4 percent of the NRT group kept using NRT. The study looked at diacetyl levels in e-cigarettes, but never implied that e-cigarettes cause this disease. More e-cigarette users, however, reported increased throat and mouth irritation (65.3%,) than nicotine replacement users (51.2%).

Despite the impressive findings, Levy and the other experts Gizmodo spoke to said more research is still needed in the USA and elsewhere, using newer devices, before doctors here can wholeheartedly endorse vaping as a superior cessation aid over the standard treatment (likely with regular counseling to boot).

Armitage, who has smoked for 15 years, said he also tried nicotine patches but found they irritated his skin.

Myers' group is one of several anti-smoking organizations suing the FDA to immediately begin reviewing e-cigarettes.

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