Friday, 14 December, 2018


No change in Qld after dire climate report

Flooding near the Rideau River in 2017 Flooding near the Rideau River in 2017
Kristine Garrett | 10 October, 2018, 23:14

The climate change is real and it is illustrated by the heat wave conditions spreading like a plague in India and Pakistan. The EU needs to play a crucial role in this important issue.

The faster rate of temperature increase here is due to the fact that continents warm more quickly than oceans, Gutzler explained: "The world is mostly ocean, and we are in the middle of a continent, so when people talk about global warming of one, two or three degrees, for our region, we're thinking about double those numbers".

Ironically, when rain does fall, it is expected to be much heavier, increasing the risk of heavy flooding within an overall drying climate.

In addition, Governor Brown has helped establish and expand coalitions of partners across the nation and globe committed to curbing carbon pollution, including the Under2 Coalition, an worldwide pact of 222 cities, states, regions and countries on 6 continents committed to limiting the increase in global average temperature to below 2 degrees Celsius.

It added that in 12 years" time a 1.5 degree target may be unattainable unless an "unprecedented' conservation effort is instigated. Under an increasing emissions trajectory, the 1.5°C threshold could be breached as early as the next decade, and the 2°C mark the decade after.

The report outlines the impacts of global warming of 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

Changes in rainfall are projected. At 1.5°C of global warming, Botswana would receive 5% less annual rainfall, and Namibia 4% less. "Changes in agricultural water availability caused by upstream changes in glacier volume are a typical example". Coral reefs would decline by 70-90% with global warming of 1.5ºC, whereas virtually all ( 99%) would be lost with a 2ºC increase.

Agriculture is particularly vulnerable, with potential drops in crop yields and increased livestock losses.

A psychology lecturer at the University of Brighton has warned that individual behaviour and lifestyle changes are not enough to halt the escalation of global warming.

Chapter 3, Impacts of 1.5˚C Global Warming on Natural and Human Systems, offers a somber note on the future of glaciers, reflecting the slowness with which glaciers respond to climate drivers. At 2C, in Namibia, this doubles to around 40 more days. Scientists at the time considered it to be the threshold for the most severe effects of climate change.

The progressively serious climate impacts at 1.5 and 2.0℃ in these countries demands concerted action, both locally and internationally.

Leaders from countries such as Botswana and Namibia must continue pushing on the global stage for nations to make good on, and improve, their pledges to cut greenhouse gas emissions in line with the Paris Agreement. The Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) declared it had "high confidence" in its predictions.

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