Wednesday, 16 January, 2019


Climate change economists win Nobel prize

Climate change economists win Nobel prize Climate change economists win Nobel prize
Bennie Garza | 10 October, 2018, 15:30

Romer had shown how economic forces govern the willingness of firms to innovate, helping some societies grow many times faster than others.

He said his research had given him hope that people can solve even a problem as hard as a warming planet. Five people have won the Nobel Prize in economic sciences while serving as members of the MIT faculty; another 11 MIT alumni, including Nordhaus, have won the prize.

"Humans are capable of fantastic accomplishments if we set our minds to it", Romer added.

They are honoured in December, on the anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death.

"It's an ingenious pairing", said David Warsh, author of the 2007 book Knowledge and the Wealth of Nations about the award. "Nordhaus has been concerned all along with repairing the damage" to the environment, while "Romer has been writing about the means at your disposal" to take on the technological challenge, he added.

The awarding of half of the prize to Nordhaus could not have come at a more appropriate time, as his work was instrumental in our understanding of how climate change would affect us in the years and decades to come.

Romer, who served as chief economist at the World Bank until January 2018, has helped shape the endogenous (from within a system) growth theory, which states that productivity gains can be tied directly to speedy innovation and more investments in workers.

In the 1970s, Nordhaus, already alarmed by the threat of global warming, began working on potential solutions.

Nordhaus has been a prominent advocate of the use of a uniformly applied carbon tax as the best way to put a true cost on the use of burning fossil fuels and so reducing greenhouse gas emissions. His economic approaches to global warming include modeling to determine the efficient path for coping with climate change.

U.S. economists William Nordhaus and Paul Romer yesterday shared the 2018 Nobel Economics Prize for constructing "green growth" models that show how innovation and climate policies can be integrated with economic growth.

Many economists have since endorsed the concept of taxing carbon and using this financial lever to influence societal behavior. "They have also taken macroeconomics to a global scale, to tackle some of the world's biggest problems", the Nobel Prize committee said. Though many developed economies have adopted a carbon tax, the United States has not. "Without him, there wouldn't be such a subject of climate economics".

"His work suggests a key role for the government in protecting the property rights of innovators and subsidizing research".

The IPCC special report Global Warming of 1.5 °C starts with good news: a viable pathway to keep average global temperature rise below 1.5 °C is still open to us.

Whether economics is a genuine science in the sense of the Nobels awarded for accomplishments in medicine, chemistry and physics can be debated; the award often goes to work that has a high level of abstraction.

But an idea - say, a recipe for Swedish meatballs - can be shared and used over and over again, delivering continual economic benefits.

Recommended

loading...
...
  • DC Comics hires James Gunn after Disney fires him

    But instead, Gunn will take over Suicide Squad , the franchise led by Will Smith , Margot Robbie and Jared Leto . Warner Bros . and representatives for Gunn did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
    World Mental Health Day and Your Organisation

    World Mental Health Day and Your Organisation

    It's fantastic that as a result of the campaign more people are checking in on someone who they think may not be going so well. Remedial measures parents can take, Grover advised, included "spending time with their children and being friendly with them".
    The First Offline Date After Online Relationships

    The First Offline Date After Online Relationships

    The Date Day: How To Behave When you meet your date offline for the first time, there are many things that can go wrong. That is a very responsible step that will either empower or destroy the already formed relationships.
  • India highly vulnerable to climate change impacts, say experts on United Nations  report

    India highly vulnerable to climate change impacts, say experts on United Nations report

    Coral reefs would decline by 70 per cent to 90 per cent at 1.5 deg C, whereas virtually all would be lost at 2 deg C. The not-so-great news? They need to accelerate.
    Bulgaria Under Pressure after Journalist's Brutal Murder

    Bulgaria Under Pressure after Journalist's Brutal Murder

    At the Ruse vigil, telecoms technician Venelin Rumenov, 27, told AFP: "I don't think that she had been threatened or anything". Ms Marinova was a director of TVN , a small TV station, and a TV presenter for two investigative programmes.
    How Technology Has Completely Changed the Way We Spend Money

    How Technology Has Completely Changed the Way We Spend Money

    The Rise of Mobile Payments Over the last few years, all of the major mobile innovators have stepped into the mobile payment game. As of 2016, Apple Pay had 12 million monthly users , a figure which is sure to rise substantially in the coming months and years.
  • Taylor Swift encourages crowd to 'get out and vote' at AMAs

    Billy Eichner, right, got political as he presented the award for favourite adult contemporary artist with Kathryn Hahn. I gotta show people wrong, I gotta prove people wrong."Because they said I wasn't gonna make it after I had a baby'".
    Caroline Wozniacki Wins China Open

    Caroline Wozniacki Wins China Open

    Open champion Naomi Osaka in the semifinal, but couldn't handle the second-seeded Dane's punishing groundstrokes. Her win means that she will stay at No. 2 in the rankings and Sevastova will rise to a career-high of No. 12.

    General Overview of Cisco CCNA R&S Questions and Answers

    In addition to this, they will also build their skills and knowledge levels required to implement WLAN in a small/medium network. At the end of the course, they will also be able to resolve regular issues with EIGRP, STP, and OSPF in IPv4 and IPv6 networks.
  • Know the Career Benefits of Undergoing a Certified Scrum Master (CSM) Training

    Most importantly, it will maximize your career opportunities across several companies, which employs agile methods and practices. When your company has started to implement the Scrum technology, you have to upgrade your skill to sustain in your position.

    Ousted Guardians of the Galaxy director switches camps, tied to new DC Comics film

    But it also looked like O'Connor was moving on to reteam with Ben Affleck on the sports drama The Has-Been . According to The Wrap , Gunn is in talks to write the script for Suicide Squad 2 and also direct it.
    How to Choose the Best Tennis Racket

    How to Choose the Best Tennis Racket

    It’s worth familiarising yourself with these categories, as it makes it easier to predict how any given racket will respond. By being less taught and more elastic, you can benefit from a better feel for the ball, and as a result, more power over it.

How the Meat Industry Affects Our Planet The two most popular reasons , however, are eating healthier and a strong objection to killing or using animals for food products. Highly processed meats and other food items lead to higher risks of type II diabetes, coronary heart disease, and some cancers.

Taylor Swift Brings Friend Claire Winter to AMAs 2018! Please, please educate yourself on the candidates running in your state and vote based on who most closely represents your values. He also just received posthumously the Best New Artist Award at the BET Hip-Hop Awards last weekend as well.

Campus Wellness Center Hosts Flu Shot Clinics Campus Wellness Center Hosts Flu Shot Clinics The Healthy People 2020 goals include a target of 90% annual flu vaccine coverage for health care personnel. The flu shot did not work well previous year as the vaccine only reduces a person's risk by 40 percent .

Saudis to Turkey: Search our consulate for missing WaPo columnist, dissenter Saudis to Turkey: Search our consulate for missing WaPo columnist, dissenter Saudi Arabia to allow Turkey to search consulate for Jamal Khashoggi; State Department correspondent Rich Edson reports. Turkey conveyed its expectation of "full cooperation" from Riyadh in search of Khashoggi, Anadolu Agency reported .

After an undisclosed security breach was revealed, Google+ will be shutting down After an undisclosed security breach was revealed, Google+ will be shutting down In a blog post , Google said the information that was exposed includes full names, email addresses, occupation, gender and age. In response to the breach, Google is shutting down all consumer functionality of Google+.

First Look at the Revamped Chrome OS on Google's Pixel Slate First Look at the Revamped Chrome OS on Google's Pixel Slate One of them transcribes voicemails in real time, so users can decide whether to pick up the call or keep ignoring it. While Google's phones have larger screens, they do look similar to their predecessors except for fully glass backs.

Our writers pick their top three for the Ballon d'Or award Our writers pick their top three for the Ballon d'Or award The Tottenham striker captained England to their first World Cup semi-final in 28 years in Russian Federation this summer. The victor will be announced in Paris on 3 December with a women's victor awarded for the first time.

Why did Conor McGregor get in brawl after Khabib fight? New video Why did Conor McGregor get in brawl after Khabib fight? New video Police eventually separated the dueling brawls, and both McGregor and Khabib were escorted out of the Las Vegas arena. Nurmagomedov applied a neck crank and, after a hesitant tap, McGregor relented and tapped out to signal he was done.

Official Rock & Roll Hall of Fame Nominees Rounding out the nominees are Def Leppard , Devo , MC5, John Prine , The Cure , Roxy Music , The Zombies , and Todd Rundgren . It's that time again - time for opinions to fly, arguments to be had and fan votes to be cast.

West Indies squad for T20I series against India announced West Indies squad for T20I series against India announced The West Indies will have to lift themselves to put up a better performance after being thoroughly outplayed in Rajkot . The top team ranking will potentially be up for the taking depending on how the Sri Lanka and England series pans out.

Alok Nath On Vinta Nanda Allegations: I Made Her What She Is! Alok Nath On Vinta Nanda Allegations: I Made Her What She Is! The producer also alleged that he had all her shows at the channel shut down, leading to the closure of her production company. She goes on to describe the morning after a party at this man's house at the end of which he drives her home.

India may continue to import oil from Iran, says Petroleum Minister Worldwide benchmark Brent crude traded at around $83.38 on Monday, down almost 1 percent, while U.S. Later, talking to reporters, he said India has its own energy requirements which it has to fulfill.

Ballon d'Or: Gareth Bale among first five nominees to be announced Ballon d'Or: Gareth Bale among first five nominees to be announced For six years it combined with world football's governing body to become the Fifa Ballon d'Or . Ronaldo is the defending champion, having won his fifth Ballon d'Or in 2017.

Seeyouatmidnight to serve the Scots a Grand National double Seeyouatmidnight to serve the Scots a Grand National double He was runner-up behind Big River in the Edinburgh Gin Handicap Hurdle at Kelso and he then placed third at Newbury in March. Those having a bet on the Grand National will find him available at 16/1 with Paddy Power in the ante-post list.

Everything You Wanted to Know About Super Nintendo Classic Mini Everything You Wanted to Know About Super Nintendo Classic Mini In the autumn of 2016, the news about the re-release of the 8-bit NES console resounded in the world of the gaming industry. The console can be placed in the palm of your hand, which is very convenient for its storing and carrying around.