Rosneft CEO Igor Sechin and Gazprom CEO Alexei Miller
31 January, 2018, 08:24
Although it is unclear what it will mean in practice, it will cast the shadow of potential sanctions risk over a wide circle of wealthy Russians.
"Sanctions on specific entities or individuals will not need to be imposed because the legislation is, in fact, serving as a deterrent", she said in a statement.
Some 114 politicians are also listed, including Mr Putin's entire administration, cabinet and top officials at the Russian secret service. Some are the most famous of wealthy Russians, among them tycoons Roman Abramovich and Mikhail Prokhorov, who challenged Putin in the 2012 election.
Shares in some of the big metals companies - Norilsk Nickel and aluminium giant Rusal, whose owners were named - initally fell, though Russian stock in general recovered later.
Among the biggest fallers was Norilsk Nickel, down 1.2 percent after its co-owner Vladimir Potanin was included on the U.S. list.
Representatives for Vladimir Potanin, co-owner of Norilsk Nickel, and Oleg Deripaska of Rusal who were both named declined comment. VTB did not respond to a request for comment.
The list had caused considerable anxiety in Russian business circles before its release.
Some had expected the list be a detailed document listing assets, as well as relatives, of key officials and businessmen on whom the Kremlin frequently relies.
"The Association reiterates its calls on the Heads of States and Governments of the European Union, the US and Russian Federation to refrain from actions, which can undermine the prospects of future economic cooperation", it said.
The report, which features 96 people considered "oligarchs" close to Putin and worth at least $1 billion (805 million euros) each, does not trigger sanctions right away but may cut businesses off from world finance.
As it released the list, the Treasury Department took pains to note that it is not a sanctions list, devoting a full paragraph to say that inclusion on the list doesn't mean the US has "information about the individual's involvement in malign activities".
Alexei Miller, CEO of state-controlled gas export monopoly Gazprom, was also on the list, as was Severstal's Mordashov and Leonid Mikhelson, co-owner of private gas producer Novatek.
Eugene Kaspersky, CEO of the Moscow-based cyber security company that carries his name, were also listed. Those who engage in this are basically engaged in their own domestic politics. In a direct contradiction, CIA Director Mike Pompeo said Russia is determined to interfere in the 2018 midterm elections and that Russian interference remains mostly unchanged from 2016 levels.
Dmitry Peskov, Putin's spokesman, told reporters on Tuesday that Moscow would like to take time to analyze the list which he described as "unprecedented" in its scope. The Treasury report listed the same 96 individuals with fortunes over $1 billion.
"The report clearly states what we knew all along, namely that it's not a sanction or a determination that listed individuals will be sanctioned", said Keller, now a partner at Hogan Lovells, an worldwide law firm.
"De facto everyone is called the enemy of the United States", the spokesman said.
Konstantin von Eggert, a foreign affairs analyst and host on the independent station TV Rain, noted that the list had suddenly rendered the role of competing interest groups inside and outside the Kremlin irrelevant.
Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny has meanwhile lauded the American administration's list, tweeting that he was "glad that these (people) have been officially recognized on the worldwide level as crooks and thieves".
Investigators discovered a trove of weapons, including 12 rifles that had been fitted with "bump stocks", in the suite. The name of one of those people is blacked out in the court records released to The Associated Press.
The app is meant for kids as young as six. "It looks like something that would appeal to a 6-year-old or 7-year-old", he said. When it comes to young children, I think most people can agree that it pays to err on the side of caution.
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Finally, I think we can hope that the experts would look into the matter in a cautious way in the near future. As per Shearer’s words ‘At least now people have started to look for answers’.
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