The excavated sites contained the remains of two Neolithic villages at Gadachrili Gora and Shulaveris Gora
14 November, 2017, 16:46
"Georgia is home to over 500 varieties of wine alone, suggesting that grapes have been domesticated and cross-breeding in the region for a very long time".
Before stumbling upon these ceramic jars, the oldest evidence related to the existence of wine came from today's Iran, in the Zagros Mountains.
Winemaking is more ancient than it was earlier thought.
It's fantastic to think that 8,000 years ago the world's earliest winemakers were producing something very similar to the wine we consume today - and what's even more startling is it hints we probably had lots more in common with these ancient ancestors too.
The excavated sites were originally two villages that date back to the Neolithic period. The villagers harvested wheat, raised sheep, goat and cattle, and used simple tools made of bone and volcanic glass called obsidian.
Researchers were particularly intrigued by fired clay pots found in the region - likely to be some of the earliest pottery made in the Near East.
(A) Representative early Neolithic jar from Khramis Didi-Gora. What's more, it was decorated with blobs that the researchers say could be meant to depict clusters of grapes.
The villages are from a Neolithic time frame.
But now new research from the Republic of Georgia - a perennial and fierce challenger for the title - suggests people in that Southern Caucasus country were sipping the nectar of the gods even earlier.
In total, 30 pottery fragments and 26 soil samples were examined, with the inside surface of the pottery ground down a little to produce a powder for analysis.
It's thought the prehistoric imbibers of Georgia may have stored their wine in large jars underground, leaving them to ferment.
The team then used a variety of analytical techniques to explore whether the soil or the inner surface of the vessels held signs of molecules of the correct mass, or with the right chemical signatures, to be evidence of wine. In addition, the organic acids malic, succinic, and citric were found. Tests on the associated soils largely showed far lower levels of the acid. Also not found: pips or any other solids from the grapes themselves, which you could reasonably expect to find from both from the winemaking process and as contents settled in storage. The researchers said that the decorations possibly represent grapes. However, these traces dated back from 5400 to 5000 BC, also in the Neolithic period. "The grapes are crushed and the fruit, stems and seeds are all fermented together", he told the BBC.
"The Eurasian grapevine that now accounts for 99.9 per cent of wine made in the world today, has its roots in Caucasia", Batiuk said, adding that the domestication of the grape "eventually led to the emergence of a wine culture in the region".
The excavations at the Gadachrili Gora site in Georgia.
"We believe this is the oldest example of the domestication of a wild-growing Eurasian grapevine exclusively for the production of wine, "Phys.org quoted Stephen Batiuk, a senior research associate in the Department of Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations and the Archaeology Centre at the University of Toronto, and co-author of the study".
The Chinese automaker has acquired a U.S. company trying to bring a flying vehicle to market in 2019. The company's first product will be the Transition , which is promised for a market launch in 2019.
The Minnesota Vikings activated quarterback Teddy Bridgewater Sunday for their game against the Washington Redskins . The Redskins gambled early, converting two fourth-downs in the first half but didn't have the same luck late.
Agreed, LEDs do not emit stable lights - they flicker - but most high-end phones do not have issues with this behavior. The problem isn't with Pixel 2 or Pixel 2XL camera, but with LED lights themselves.
Rahul Gandhi is unanimously thought to be the next president of the Congress party, taking over the role from his mother. The Congress feels that the elevation needed to be put on hold in view of the ongoing election process in Gujarat.
Now, the Bank of England has confirmed that from March 1 2018, the old note will no longer be accepted as payment. The Jane Austen notes have a number of features built in that make them particularly hard to forge.
Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern will tell the Philippine president there have been too many killings in his war against drugs. The two leaders did talk about the country's brutal war on drugs, which has left thousands of people dead.
A policeman in Telangana was caught on camera taking a massage from a woman home guard inside the police station. This is the second such incident reported from the state this month, according to the Hindustan Times .
It would go beyond traditional deals by including issues like intellectual property, state-owned enterprises and labour rights. And despite Trump's withdrawal from TPP, China won't necessarily find it easy to draw countries fully into its orbit.
The company said it has garnered almost 20.7 crore subscribers at the end of September which it said was 3.3% increase YoY. Vodafone India on Tuesday announced its standalone revenue figures for the six monthly period ended September 30, in FY18.
Bagley already making history at Duke
But Duke (2-0) will have its hands full Tuesday against a team that returns the majority of its rotation players from last season. The Blue Devils got big contributions from its freshmen starters and Allen, who averaged 20 points through the first two games.
Possible serial killer may have struck again, police say
Currently, authorities are offering a $41,000 reward for anyone who has information leading to the arrest of a suspect. Police say that they are treating Tuesday's suspicious death as a related case until they know differently.
China is now the supercomputer capital of the world
Next year should be a good year in supercomputing with both Japan and China planning to deploy new machines. The processing speeds of a supercomputer are measured in floating points operations per second, or "flops".
Women, revamp your diet today. You're more prone to diabetes
In spite of the fact that so many US citizens have type 2 diabetes, there are still alarming misconceptions about the condition. May has been a vocal supporter of World Diabetes Day tweeting: "When I was diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes, it came as a shock".
Liam Payne Takes the Stage at MTV EMAs 2017
Rita Ora shocked everyone withh her astonishing appearance dressed wit a dressing gown and a towel at MTV Music Awards 2017. Mendes performed " There's Nothing Holdin' Me Back ", the victor of "Best Song".